Dog bloat or gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) in technical name is a disorder of digestive system that can kill your dog in less than hour so time is a very serious matter. Bloat is the second killer after cancer and yet many dog owners know very little about it.
Bloating of the stomach is often caused by swallowed air eventhough fluid and food may be present. GDV can usually occur when there is abnormal accumulation of air and fluid inside the stomach (gastric dilatation) which may follow by twisting rotation of the stomach (volvulus).
As stomach swell it may rotate up to 360 degree causing the food tube (esophagus), upper intestine (duodenum) and region of the stomach that connects to the duodenum (pylorus) to close. Volvulus trap the air, water and food inside the stomach preventing gas to relieve by belching and block your dog from taking the food out by vomiting.
Bloat inside the stomach is very rapid and can cause obstruct of vein that lead to abnormal circulation of blood, shock, low blood pressure, damage of internal organs, coma and death.

Dog bloat symptoms

  • attempts to vomit every 5-30 minutes with foam, mucous or nothing out (sometime called hallmark symptom)
  • dry vomiting
  • unsuccessful attempts to defecate
  • change in behaviour
  • significant anxiety
  • restlessness
  • cold mouth membranes
  • heavy salivating or drooling
  • pale or off colored gums (dark red in the initial stage and white or blue in the later stage)
  • abdominal swelling after meals
  • abdominal pain
  • coughing
  • gagging
  • whining
  • pacing
  • apparent weakness
  • heavy panting
  • shallow breathing
  • weak pulse
  • rapid heartbeat
  • licking the air
  • collapse
  • seeking for a hiding place
  • looking at abdominal often
  • show signs of discomfort
  • refuse to lie down or sit
  • curl up in a ball
  • excessive water drinking
  • attempt to eat small such as stones

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